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英语单元考试

作者:河南MBA院校库     时间:2020-07-16    次数:
英语单元考试
 
一. Words in use(共20小题,每小题1分,共20分)
Directions: Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Each word can be used only once.
Section A
A donate 
B nutrition
C layoff
D standpoint
E evacuated
F surpass 
G milestone
H spectrum
I defiance
J hesitant
 
1. Much of the city was
before the storm but thousands remained, many of whom were trapped by the water for days.
 
2. From a practical 
, how can you reduce production costs and at the same time minimize the risks involved?
 
3. Child mortality (死亡率) decreased due to improvements in medical care and greater attention to problems related to proper
.
 
4. People
canned food and old clothes most frequently, but rarely do they think about bringing in underwear – it's one of the most obvious but overlooked needs of the homeless.
 
5. The company was reportedly going bankrupt and this would result in the
of thousands of employees.
 
6. Young students should develop a broad
of interests, which their parents should encourage and support as best as possible.
 
7. Inspired by Martin Luther King's famous speech, "I Have a Dream", thousands of people went out onto the streets to support the civil rights movement in 
of the curfew.
 
8. Beth was
about visiting his ex-boy friend; she worried that he might refuse to talk to her.
 
9. When humans first traveled into outer space, it was as revolutionary a(n)
in human culture as the invention of the wheel.
 
10. His supervisor pushes and motivates him in such a positive manner that he is not only able to reach but to
his personal goals.
Section B
A donate   B nutrition   C layoff    D standpoint     E evacuated
F surpass    G milestone    H spectrum     I defiance     J hesitant
 
11. Much of the city was 
before the storm but thousands remained, many of whom were trapped by the water for days.
 
12. From a practical
, how can you reduce production costs and at the same time minimize the risks involved?
 
13. Child mortality (死亡率) decreased due to improvements in medical care and greater attention to problems related to proper 
.
 
14. People
 canned food and old clothes most frequently, but rarely do they think about bringing in underwear – it's one of the most obvious but overlooked needs of the homeless.
 
15. The company was reportedly going bankrupt and this would result in the 
of thousands of employees.
 
16. Young students should develop a broad 
of interests, which their parents should encourage and support as best as possible.
 
17. Inspired by Martin Luther King's famous speech, "I Have a Dream", thousands of people went out onto the streets to support the civil rights movement in 
of the curfew.
 
18. Beth was
about visiting his ex-boy friend; she worried that he might refuse to talk to her.
 
19. When humans first traveled into outer space, it was as revolutionary a(n) 
 in human culture as the invention of the wheel.
 
20. His supervisor pushes and motivates him in such a positive manner that he is not only able to reach but to
his personal goals.
二. Expressions in use(共20小题,每小题1分,共20分)
Directions: Fill in the blanks with the expressions given below. Each expression can be used only once.
Section A
A deteriorate into         B conceive of     C  next to nothing        D came up with
E  in exchange for    F   in all likelihood     G  was obsessed with    H  at their disposal
 I  has authority over       J make an analogy between
 
21. For people who live in industrialized countries, it is hard to
living without electricity and other modern conveniences.
 
22. I bought a second-hand pocket English-English dictionary; it's been very useful and cost me 
.
 
23. The factory had just started production and
 it would take five to seven years to achieve full production.
 
24. The conditions for the majority of the workforce will continue to 
 widespread and extreme poverty if relief payment is late in coming.
 
25. Our students have almost limitless resources 
: a well-equipped library, student workrooms, a large cafeteria, an undergraduate office and a computer center.
 
26. Since Mary won the money and bought up the majority of the company’s stock shares, she now
the people she used to take orders from.
 
27. As urban populations exported finished goods
raw materials from neighboring populations, organized trade grew substantially.
 
28. Biology teachers often
the heart and a pump in order to help students understand how the heart works.
 
29. Do you know who
the idea of having cheesecake for dessert yesterday? It was delicious and made everyone happy.
 
30. When I was young, I
maps, and I sometimes spent the whole day charting land routes from one point to another.
Section A
A deteriorate into B conceive of C next to nothing D came up with
E in exchange for F in all likelihood G was obsessed with H at their disposal
I has authority over J make an analogy between
 
31. For people who live in industrialized countries, it is hard to
 living without electricity and other modern conveniences.
 
32. I bought a second-hand pocket English-English dictionary; it's been very useful and cost me 
.
 
33. The factory had just started production and 
 it would take five to seven years to achieve full production.
 
34. The conditions for the majority of the workforce will continue to 
 widespread and extreme poverty if relief payment is late in coming.
 
35. Our students have almost limitless resources 
: a well-equipped library, student workrooms, a large cafeteria, an undergraduate office and a computer center.
 
36. Since Mary won the money and bought up the majority of the company’s stock shares, she now
the people she used to take orders from.
 
37. As urban populations exported finished goods
raw materials from neighboring populations, organized trade grew substantially.
 
38. Biology teachers often
the heart and a pump in order to help students understand how the heart works.
 
39. Do you know who
the idea of having cheesecake for dessert yesterday? It was delicious and made everyone happy.
 
40. When I was young, I
maps, and I sometimes spent the whole day charting land routes from one point to another.
三. Banked cloze(共20小题,每小题1.5分,共30分)
Directions: Fill in the blanks by selecting suitable words from the word bank. You may not use any of the words more than once.
Section A
A. appreciated F. admiration K. adhered
B. context G. magnifying L. considered
C. reaction H. complexion M. gorgeous
D. comment I. accessories N. absurd
E. perfection J. achieving O. handsome
 
41.
I was once in a relationship with a woman who was the most brilliant, creative and driven person I’d ever known. I told her these things often because she didn’t see herself this way, despite (41)
great success and acclaim (称赞) in her professional field. She was also (42)
and sexy, though she seemed not to realize this either, so I told her these things too. But while I thought it was more important to praise her brilliance, it seemed to mean more to her that she was (43)
attractive.   My experience with this girlfriend exemplifies a common phenomenon in life — when it comes to complimenting a woman, men often walk a very difficult line. Of course, (44)
matters. In a professional setting, talking about appearance is often inappropriate, but at a singles club, it may be important. She will be very pleased if a man thinks her clothes and (45)
are pretty, or her hair looks wonderful. However, things in between these two cases are unclear. Women have every right to be recognized and (46)
for their intelligence and creativity. But at the same time, they want to be admired for their looks as well, for example, their perfect skin (47)
and elegant outfits.   Unfortunately, most guys don’t understand this. If we receive compliments from women, they’re usually about our achievements, not our looks. Most of us don’t expect a woman to tell us how (48)
or sexy we are, and some of us would find it hard to regard such a(n) (49)
as sincere.    I’m not saying it’s very hard to be a guy these days. It is important for every man to understand how to treat women with both respect and (50)
. But as far as the right balance of these two is concerned, we really have no frame of reference, especially when it comes to looks.
Section B
A. appreciated F. admiration K. adhered
B. context G. magnifying L. considered
C. reaction H. complexion M. gorgeous
D. comment I. accessories N. absurd
E. perfection J. achieving O. handsome
 
42.
I was once in a relationship with a woman who was the most brilliant, creative and driven person I’d ever known. I told her these things often because she didn’t see herself this way, despite (51)
great success and acclaim (称赞) in her professional field. She was also (52)
and sexy, though she seemed not to realize this either, so I told her these things too. But while I thought it was more important to praise her brilliance, it seemed to mean more to her that she was (53)
attractive.   My experience with this girlfriend exemplifies a common phenomenon in life — when it comes to complimenting a woman, men often walk a very difficult line. Of course, (54)
matters. In a professional setting, talking about appearance is often inappropriate, but at a singles club, it may be important. She will be very pleased if a man thinks her clothes and (55)
are pretty, or her hair looks wonderful. However, things in between these two cases are unclear. Women have every right to be recognized and (56)
for their intelligence and creativity. But at the same time, they want to be admired for their looks as well, for example, their perfect skin (57)
and elegant outfits.   Unfortunately, most guys don’t understand this. If we receive compliments from women, they’re usually about our achievements, not our looks. Most of us don’t expect a woman to tell us how (58)
or sexy we are, and some of us would find it hard to regard such a(n) (59)
as sincere.    I’m not saying it’s very hard to be a guy these days. It is important for every man to understand how to treat women with both respect and (60)
. But as far as the right balance of these two is concerned, we really have no frame of reference, especially when it comes to looks.
四. Reading comprehension(共15小题,每小题2分,共30分)
Directions: Read the following passages carefully. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished sentences. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D. Choose the best answer to each question.
Passage 1
Trees should only be pruned when there is a good and clear reason for doing so and, fortunately, the number of such reasons is small. Pruning involves the cutting away of overgrown and unwanted branches, and the inexperienced gardener can be encouraged by the thought that more damage results from doing it unnecessarily than from leaving the tree to grow in its own way.
First, pruning may be done to make sure that trees have a desired shape or size. The object may be to get a tree of the right height, and at the same time to help the growth of small side branches which will thicken its appearance or give it a special shape. Secondly, pruning may be done to make the tree healthier. You may cut diseased or dead wood, or branches that are rubbing against each other and thus cause wounds. The health of a tree may be encouraged by removing branches that are blocking up the center and so preventing the free movement of air.
One result of pruning is that an open wound is left on the tree and this provides an easy entry for disease, but it is a wound that will heal. Often there is a race between the healing and the disease as to whether the tree will live or die, so that there is a period when the tree is at risk. It should be the aim of every gardener to reduce which has been pruned smooth and clean, for healing will be slowed down by roughness. You should allow the cut surface to dry for a few hours and then paint it with one of the substances available from garden shops produced especially for this purpose. Pruning is usually without interference from the leaves and also it is very unlikely that the cuts you make will bleed. If this does happen, it is, of course, impossible to paint them properly.
43. 61. Pruning should be done to ______.
A. make the tree grow taller
B. improve the shape of the tree
C. get rid of the small branches
D. make the small branches thicker
44. 62. Trees become unhealthy if the gardener ______.
A allows too many branches to grow in the middle
B. does not protect them from wind
C. forces them to grow too quickly
D. damages some of the small side branches
45. 63. Why is a special substance painted on the tree?
A. To make a wound smooth
B. To prevent disease entering a wound.
C. To cover a rough surface
D. To help a wound to dry
46. 64. A good gardener prunes a tree______.
A. at intervals throughout the year
B. as quickly as possible
C. occasionally when necessary
D. regular every winter
47. 65. What was the author’s purpose when writing this passage?
A. To give pratical instruction for pruning a tree.
B. To give a general description of pruning
C. To explain how trees develop diseases
D. To discuss different methods of pruning.
Passage 2
On Thursday afternoon Mrs. Carke, dressed for going out, took her handbag with her money and her key in it, pulled the door behind her to lock it and went to the over 60s Club. She always went there on Thursdays. It was a nice outing for an old woman who lived alone.
At six o’clock she came home, let herself in and at once smelt cigarette smoke. Cigarette smoke in her house? How? How? Had someone got in? She checked the back door and the windows. All were locked or fastened, as usual. There was no sign of forced entry.
Over a cup of tea she wondered whether someone might have a key that fitted her front door – “a master key” perhaps. So she stayed at home the following Thursday. Nothing happened. Was anyone watching her movements? On the Thursday after that she
went out at her usual time, dressed as usual, but she didn’t go to the club. Instead she took a short cut home again, letting herself in through her garden and the back door. She settled down to wait.
It was just after four o’clock when the front door bell rang. Mrs. Clarke was making a cup of tea at the time. The bell rang again, and then she heard her letter-box being pushed open. With the kettle of boiling water in her hand, she moved quietly towards the front door. A long piece of wire appeared through the letter-box, and then a hand. The wire turned and caught around the knob on the door-lock. Mrs. Clarke raised the kettle and poured the water over the hand. There was a shout outside, and the skin seemed to drop off the fingers like a glove. The wire fell to the floor, the hand was pulled back, and Mrs. Clarke heard the sound of running feet.
48. 66. Mrs. Clarke looked forward to Thursday because _______.
A. she worked at a club on the day
B. she received visitors on Thursdays
C. she visited a club on Thursday
D. a special visitor came on Thursday
49. 67. If someone had made a forced entry, _______.
A. Mrs.Clarke would have found a broken door or window
B. he or she was still in the house
C. things would have been thrown about
D. he or she would have needed a master key
50. 68. On the third Thursday Mrs. Clarke went out _______.
A. because she didn’t want to miss the club again
B. to see if the thief was hanging about outside
C. to the club but then changed her mind
D. in an attempt to trick the thief
51. 69. The lock on the front door was one which _______.
A. needed a piece of wire to open it
B. could he opened from inside without a key
C. couldn’t be opened without a key
D. used a knob instead of a key
52. 70. The wire fell to the floor _______.
A. because Mrs. Clarke refused to open the door
B. when the man’s glove dropped off
C. because it was too hot to hold
D. because the man just wanted to get away
Passage 3
The French word “renaissance” means rebirth. It was first used in 1855 by the historian Jules Michelet in his History of France, and then adopted by historians of culture, by art historians, and eventually by music historians, all of whom applied it to European culture during the 150 years spanning 1450-1600. The concept of rebirth was appropriate to this period of European history because of the renewed interest in ancient Greek and Roman culture that began in Italy and then spread throughout Europe. Scholars and artists of this period wanted to restore the learning and ideals of the classical civilizations of Greece and Rome. To these scholars this meant a return to human. Fulfillment in life became a desirable goal, and expressing the entire range of human emotions and enjoying the pleasures of the senses were no longer frowned on. Artists and writers now turned to religious subject matter and sought to make their works understandable and appealing.
These changes in outlook deeply affected the musical culture of the Renaissance period -- how people thought about music as well as the way music was composed and experienced. They could see the architectural monuments, sculptures, plays, and poems that were being rediscovered, but they could not actually hear ancient music -- although they could read the writings of classical philosophers, poets, essayists, and music theorists that were becoming available in translation. They learned about the power of ancient music to move the listener and wondered why modern music did not have the same effect. For example, the influential religious leader Bernardino Cirillo expressed disappointment with the music of his time. He urged musicians to follow the example of the sculptors, painters, architects, and scholars who had rediscovered ancient art and literature.
The musical Renaissance in Europe was more a general cultural movement and state of mind than a specific set of musical techniques. Furthermore, music changed so rapidly during this century and a half -- though at different rates in different countries -- that we cannot define a single Renaissance style.
 
 
53. Which statement is NOT true about the “Renaissance”?
A. It began from 1450 and came to an end in 1600.
B. It originated in Italy and then spread throughout Europe.
C. People wanted to achieve nothing in life.
D. Artists and writers showed interest in religious subject matter.
 
54. 71. Which statement is NOT true about the “Renaissance”?
A. It began from 1450 and came to an end in 1600.
B. It originated in Italy and then spread throughout Europe.
C. People wanted to achieve nothing in life.
D. Artists and writers showed interest in religious subject matter.
55. 72. The underlined phrase “frowned on” (para.1) is closest in meaning to ________.
A. disapproved of
B. forgotten about
C. argued about
D. given up
56. 73. It can be inferred from the passage that thinkers of Renaissance were seeking a rebirth of ________.
A. communication among artists across Europe.
B. spirituality in everyday life
C. a cultural emphasis on human values
D. religious themes in art that would accompany the traditional secular(世俗的) themes.
57. 74. According to the passage, why was Bemaradino Cirillo disappointed with the music of his time?
A. It was not complex enough to appeal to musicians.
B. It had little emotional impact on audiences.
C. It was too dependent on the art and literature of his time.
D. It did not contain enough religious themes.
58. 75. Which of the following is mentioned in the passage as a reason for the absence of a single Renaissance musical style?
A. The musical Renaissance was defined by technique rather than style.
B. The musical Renaissance was too short to give rise to a new musical style.
C. Renaissance musicians adopted the styles of both Greek and Rome musicians.
D. During the Renaissance, music never remained the same for very long.